Nagaland

Mithun Genome mapped by scientists at ICAR, Research centre on Mithun, Medziphema, Nagaland

Mithun Genome mapped by scientists at ICAR, Research centre on Mithun, Medziphema, Nagaland

A team of scientists from ICAR- National Research Centre on Mithun, Nagaland on 30th July, 2019, reported the first de Novo draft genome assembly of Indian Mithun (Bos frontalis) in the journal BMC-Genomics.

Compared to earlier report of Chinese gayal genome, the Mithun genome reported by Indian scientists, is reasonably far more complete (>95%) having a better coverage of 91.5% and gene annotation with 28,044 protein coding genes. The genomic alignments showed a high degree of similarity between Mithun and cattle than other bovine species.

Mithun, the magnificent and unique bovine species, is distributed only in North-Eastern Hilly states of India, Bangladesh, Northern Burma and in Yunnan province of China. Besides having a special socia- cultural status, Mithun has tremendous potential for providing livelihoods to the region and is often referred to as “Pride of North-East”.

This comprehensive assembly unravelled the genomic architecture of Mithun to a great extent and will provide a reference genome assembly to the research

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